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Pesticide Human Health Effects

PESTICIDE HEALTH EFFECTS ON HUMANS

Table Of Contents:



CHEMICAL FAMILY: ORGANOPHOSPHATES

  • Action on Human System: Degrade acetylcholinesterase (an enzyme) in the tissues.
  • Internal Exposure: Headache, dizziness, weakness, shaking, nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea, sweating.
  • External Exposure: Minimal rashes but readily absorbed through the skin.
  • Chronic Exposure: Loss of appetite, weakness, weight loss, and general feeling of sickness.
  • Type of Pesticide: Insecticides, acaricides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: CARBAMATES

  • Action on Human System: Reversible changes in acetylcholinesterase enzyme of tissues.
  • Internal Exposure: Headache, dizziness, weakness, shaking, nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea, sweating.
  • External Exposure: Minimal rashes but readily absorbed through the skin.
  • Chronic Exposure: Loss of appetite, weakness, weight loss, and general feeling of sickness.
  • Type of Pesticide: Insecticides, acaricides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: ORGANOCHLORINES (CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS)

  • Action on Human System: Disrupt function of nervous system, mainly the brain.
  • Internal Exposure: Headache, dizziness, weakness, shaking, nausea, excitability, disorientation.
  • External Exposure: Minimal rashes but readily absorbed through the skin.
  • Chronic Exposure: Some buildup in the fat tissues. May cause nervousness, weakness, and shaking.
  • Type of Pesticide: Insecticides and acaricides (HCB is a fungicide).


CHEMICAL FAMILY: NITROPHENOLIC AND NITROCRESOLIC PESTICIDES

  • Action on Human System: Toxic to liver, kidneys, and nervous system.
  • Internal Exposure: Headache, weakness, thirst, excessive sweating, feeling of overall illness. Yellow stain of skin, hair and urine is characteristic.
  • External Exposure: Moderately irritating sensations to skin, eyes, nose, and throat.
  • Chronic Exposure: Weight loss.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: CHLOROPHENOXY PESTICIDES

  • Action on Human System: Irritant to lung, stomach and intestinal linings. Injure liver, kidney, and nervous system.
  • Internal Exposure: Prompt vomiting, burning sensation in stomach, diarrhea, muscle twitching.
  • External Exposure: Moderately irritating to eyes, skin, and lungs. Chronic Exposure: Do not remain in body; passed out within hours or days.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: PARAQUAT AND DIQUAT

  • Action on Human Systsem: Injure skin, nails, cornea, liver, kidney, linings of stomach and intestine, and respiratory system.
  • Internal Exposure: Burning pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. External Exposure: Irritates and injures skin and nails.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: THIOCARBAMATES AND DITHIOCARBAMATES

  • Action on Human System: Low human toxicity.
  • Internal Exposure: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, and nasal stuffiness.
  • External Exposure: Irritating to skin, eyes, nose, and throat.
  • Type of Pesticide: Fungicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: PYRETHRINS AND PYRETHROIDS

  • Action on Human System: Very low human toxicity.
  • Internal Exposure: Slight toxic reaction.
  • External Exposure: Swelling of mouth and throat, irritating to nose, throat, eyes.
  • Type of Pesticide: Insecticides, acaricides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: ARSENICAL PESTICIDES

  • Action on Human System: Toxic to liver, kidney, brain, bone marrow, and nervous system.
  • Internal Exposure: Headache, burning stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness. Garlic odor on breath and feces.
  • External Exposure: Minimal.
  • Chronic Exposure: Accumulates in body. Chronic headaches, dizziness, stomachaches, salivation, low fever, garlic breath.
  • Type of Pesticide: Rodenticides, insecticides, acaricides, marine antifouling compounds, desiccants, herbicides, fungicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: COUMARINS, INDANDIONES, AND OTHER ANTICOAGULANTS

  • Action on Human System: Prevents blood from clotting.
  • Internal Exposure: Usually no reaction if low accidental dose ingested.
  • External Exposure: Minimal.
  • Type of Pesticide: Rodenticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: SODIUM FLUOROACETATE

  • Action on Human System: Extremely toxic. Affects heart tissue and brain.
  • Internal Exposure: Stomach pain, vomiting, hallucination, nervousness.
  • External Exposure: Minimal.
  • Type of Pesticide: Rodenticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: ZINC PHOSPHIDE

  • Action on Human System: Highly toxic: severe intestinal irritation; severe injury to liver, kidneys, nervous system, and heart.
  • Internal Exposure: Intense nausea, stomach pain, excitement, chills, cough.
  • External Exposure: Minimal
  • Type of Pesticide: Rodenticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: STRYCHNINE AND CRIMIDINE

  • Action on Human System: Acts directly on cells in the brain and spinal cord to cause convulsions.
  • Internal Exposure: Blue skin color; violent convulsions.
  • External Exposure: Minimal
  • Type of Pesticide: Rodenticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: VACOR DLP-787

  • Action on Human System: Very toxic; injures nervous system, brain, and area around the heart.
  • Internal Exposure: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, chills, confusion, weakness, chest pains.
  • External Exposure: Minimal.
  • Type of Pesticide: Rodenticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: RED SQUILL

  • Action on Human System: Low toxicity.
  • Internal Exposure: Prompt vomiting and nausea.
  • External Exposure: Minimal
  • Chronic Exposure: Excreted rapidly; not retained in body.
  • Type of Pesticide: Rodenticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: ANTU AND NORBORMIDE

  • Action on Human System: Selectively toxic to rats; toxic to humans only in huge suicidal doses.
  • Internal Exposure: Blue skin, labored breathing.
  • External Exposure: Minimal
  • Chronic Exposure: Excreted rapidly; not retained in body.
  • Type of Pesticide: Rodenticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: SULFUR DIOXIDE, FORMALDEHYDE, CHLOROPICRIN, ANDACROLEIN

  • Action on Human System: Strong irritant of lungs and throat.
  • Internal Exposure: Headache, dizziness, nausea, wheezing, cough.
  • External Exposure: Severe irritation of eyes, nose, throat. Blisters on skin.
  • Type of Pesticide: Fumigants.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: METHYL BROMIDE, ETHYLENE OXIDE AND PROPYLENE OXIDE

  • Action on Human System: Serious injury to lungs; injures nervous system.
  • Internal Exposure: Coughing of frothy fluid; severe shortness of breath, drowsiness, shaking, weakness.
  • External Exposure: Irritates eyes, nose, and throat.
  • Chronic Exposure: Lack of coordination.
  • Type of Pesticide: Fumigants.


CHEMICAL FMAILY: HALOCARBONS

  • Action on Human System: Injures heart muscles; also injures lungs, brain, liver, and kidney.
  • Internal Exposure: Shock, drowsiness, shaking, weakness.
  • External Exposure: Irritates eyes, nose, and throat. Blisters and redness on skin.
  • Chronic Exposure: Liver damage, weight loss, and jaundice.
  • Type of Pesticide: Fumigants.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: HYDROGEN CYANIDE ACRYLONITRILE, AND SODIUM CYANIDE

  • Action on Human System: Injury to brain and heart tissues.
  • Internal Exposure: Headache, nausea, constriction of throat, dizziness, nervousness. Sudden unconsciousness.
  • External Exposure: Irritant.
  • Type of Pesticide: Fumigants, rodenticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: 4-AMINO-PYRIDINE PYRIDINE

  • Action on Human System: Disrupts nervous system functions.
  • Internal Exposure: Thirst, nausea, dizziness, weakness, excessive sweating.
  • Type of Pesticide: Avicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: CHLORDIMEFORM

  • Action on Human System: Bladder injury.
  • Internal Exposure: Abdominal and back pain; painful urination; blood in urine.
  • External Exposure: Skin rash; sweet taste in mouth.
  • Type of Pesticide: Insecticides, miticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: COPPER SALTS AND ORGANIC COMPLEXES

  • Action on Human System: Injured intestinal lining, brain, liver, kidneys, and blood.
  • Internal Exposure: Prompt vomiting; burning pain in chest; diarrhea, headache, sweating.
  • External Exposure: Irritates skin and eyes; damages mucous membranes.
  • Type of Pesticide: Fungicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: CYCLOHEXIMIDE

  • Action on Human System: Irritates stomach and intestine; injury to kidneys, brain lining, and nervous system.
  • Internal exposure: Excitement, tremors, salivation, diarrhea.
  • External Exposure: Minimal
  • Type of Pesticide: Fungicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: ENDOTHALL

  • Action on Human System: Damages heart, blood vessels, nervous system, and intestinal lining.
  • Internal Exposure: Convulsions, shock, lack of coordination.
  • External Exposure: Irritating to eyes, skin, and mucous membranes.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides, algicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: NICOTINE SULFATE

  • Action on Human System: Injures nervous system.
  • Internal Exposure: Nausea, headache, diarrhea, dizziness, shaking, abdominal pain, lack of coordination, sweating, salivation.
  • External Exposure: Minimal but readily absorbed through the skin.
  • Type of Pesticide: Insecticides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: ACETAMIDES

  • Action on Human System: Irritants.
  • External Exposure: Moderately irritating to skin and eyes.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: ACETANILIDES

  • Action on Human System: Irritants.
  • External Exposure: Mild irritants; propachlor is a skin irritant and sensitizer.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: ALIPHATIC ACIDS

  • Action on Human System: Irritant
  • External Exposure: Skin and eye irritants.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: BENZONITRILES LES

  • Action on Human system: Irritant
  • Internal Exposure: Moderately irritating to lungs.
  • External Exposure: Moderately irritating to skin.
  • Type of Pesticide: Fungicides, herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: CARBAMATES

  • Action on Human System: Do not inhibit cholinesterase; mild irritants.
  • External Exposure: Mild irritant to skin, eyes, nose, and throat.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides, fungicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: CARBANILATE

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • External Exposure: Irritant and skin sensitizer.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: DICARBOXIMIDES

  • Action on Human system: Irritant.
  • External exposure: Skin irritant.
  • Type of Pesticide: Fungicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: DINITROTOLUIDINE COMPOUNDS

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • External Exposure: Slightly to moderately irritating to skin, eyes, nose, and throat.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: OXADIAZOLINONE

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • External Exposure: Irritating to skin and eyes.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: PHTHALATE

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • External Exposure: Mild irritant.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: PYRIDAZINONE

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • External Exposure: Slightly irritating.
  • Type of Pesticide: Growth Retardant.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: PHOSPHONOMETHYL GLYCINE

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • Internal Exposure: Irritates lungs.
  • External Exposure: Irritates eyes.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicide.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: THIADIAZIN(OL)

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • Internal Exposure: Vomiting, diarrhea, shaking, and weakness caused by bentazon herbicides.
  • External Exposure: Moderately irritating to skin, eyes, nose, and throat.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides, fungicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: TRIAZINES

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • External Exposure: Mildly irritating to skin, eyes, nose, and throat.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: URACILS

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • Internal Exposure: Irritating to lungs.
  • External Exposure: Irritating to skin, eyes, nose, and throat.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides.


CHEMICAL FAMILY: UREA DERIVATIVES

  • Action on Human System: Irritant.
  • External Exposure: Moderately irritating to skin, eyes, nose, and throat.
  • Type of Pesticide: Herbicides, insecticides.

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